Debian 9 Mate setup details

menguin

Geek
Pinoy Techie
general reference for Debian installer: https://www.debian.org/releases/stable/amd64/

Using debian-live-9.2.0-amd64-mate+nonfree.iso

(non-free includes codecs and propitiatory drivers)
Debian 9 is bare bones, no frills. Firefox ESR and just a few tools. Install and make it yours, without cruft.
Synaptic will be your new best friend.
Make a list of the names of the apps you now use and want, then install them with synaptic.

The installer ISO includes the option to run a Live system. Run it first to see if it functions as desired, especially wifi.
You can not install from the Live session, you need to reboot and select the Installer, I prefer the Graphical Installer, but it is similar to text based.

=========
Prepare first... I prefer to use Gparted to make the partitions target partitions before I start. (The installer can delete/edit/add partitions)

I typically use separate / and /home partitions.
--
*existing Swap partitions will be selected and Formatted by default.
-- the UUID of those partitions will change: boot with other distros will not find Swap, so you may need to edit the fstab file for them.
-- alternate solution: unselect them and create new ones.

*if the computer has UEFI then you will also need a very small partition flagged for boot (also do that with Gparted)
*you may want to first read https://www.debian.org/releases/stable/amd64/ch03s06.html.en#UEFI



partition sizes:
as bare minimum / (root) 8.5 GB will work, but the / partition will be Full and you may run out of room to update/install packages.
I recommend 15 GB for / and 20 GB for /home

Gparted: the Debian 9 version has the ability to write more metadata, the Debain 8 version can't read it... or manipulate partitions created with it.
The installer gives options for Naming partitions. This is different than Labels. Older versions of Gparted can not read Names, you need to have e2fsck
LMDE has version 1.42.12-2+b1 but Gparted says you need a newer package.
Debian 9 Live session does not include Gparted, but you can use synaptic to install if you need too...

===
first run:

open synaptic
reload
mark all upgrades
apply
-
search
"mate extras"
it will return with a meta package "mate-desktop-environment-extras"
install it
-
select select edit/mark packages by task and Enable
Debian desktop environment
Gnome (optional)
Mate
... apply

Reboot
===
second run:
start installing the apps with synaptic...
my current shortlist:
mate-tweak
gparted
shotwell
thunderbird
clipit
gdebi
conky
conky-all
gnome-packagekit
pk-update-icon
apt-config-auto-update
gnome-calculator
gnome-disk-utility
GSmartControl
hugin
k3b
screenfetch
vlc
keepassx
alarm-clock-applet

--

==
Enable autologin
user names are hidden by default for security
passwords are not saved by default for security

edit the lightdm.conf file at /etc/lightdm (backup first)

reference> https://wiki.debian.org/LightDM#Enable_autologin

scroll way down...
edit the lines below [Seat:*]
uncomment (erase the #) and customize to your preference.

these are the defaults to change:
[Seat:*]
#autologin-user=
#autologin-user-timeout=0
--
delete the # on Both lines
add the actual username after the "user="

example:
autologin-user=peter
autologin-user-timeout=0

save. reboot

==
unwanted desktop icons
you can remove them with dconf-editor, that was installed with the Mate Extras
go to /org/mate/caja/desktop and change as desired
*** also mate-tweak can do this with a GUI
===

printer---
install:
cups
sane
gscan2pdf
system-config-printer

google-earth-pro-stable_current_amd64.deb
 

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